RESIDUAL INK DRAWINGS plays with reclaimed ink from the inkjet printing process to consider our understanding of photographic reproductions as objects by placing them between the world they describes and the one they inhabit. Read the full statement HERE 

Inspired by the early modernist artists who experimented in the darkroom making photograms and chemograms, I turned to the digital darkroom to play and experiment with the materials of inkjet printing, celebrating and exploiting their unique beauty. This is an ongoing project that I began in 2014.


I begin my process by collecting empty ink cartridges from various professional and consumer inkjet printers and then pour, stamp, rub or roll the unused ink directly onto photo rag paper, allowing the materials to take the lead in the forms they create. These unique drawings are then digitally reproduced (scanned and printed via an inkjet printer) and displayed side by side setting up the tension between the “thing” and the representation of the “thing”. The materiality and appearance of the two prints are similar yet one is generated by chance directly from materials, the other is a photographic clone translated through digital data. One IS something while the other is a representation OF something. The copy is never perfect and when placed beside its source print, the slippage becomes apparent. I invite the viewer to carefully examine the difference between the sensibility of touch and that which is derived from pixels and codes.


I adhere to a system determined in part by myself, and in part by the manufacturer of the printer. Many of the used ink cartridges are gifted to me by fellow artists, bringing a communal aspect to the work. 

Canon Pixma Pro 1 19.10 Susan (2019)
Reclaimed Canon Ink on Harman Hahnemühle Gloss Baryta photo paper (top 12) / Inkjet print Harman Hahnemühle Gloss Baryta photo paper (bottom 12)
24 unique 4 ¼” x 5 ½” assembled print
Canon Pixma Pro 100 18.01 Ann (2018)
Reclaimed Canon Ink on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (small bottom 8) / Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (top large 8)
8 unique 5” x 7” and 8 10.5” x 14.75” assembled prints
Canon Pixma MG 6220 K 18.02 Cathy (2018)
Reclaimed Canon Ink on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (left) Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (right)
2 unique 10.5” x 11” assembled prints
Canon CLI-226BK 18.06 Cathy (2018)
Reclaimed Canon Ink on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (left) Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (right)
2 unique 6.5” x 8” assembled prints
Canon CLI-226BK 18.07 Cathy (2018)
Reclaimed Canon Ink on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (left) Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (right)
2 unique 6.5” x 8” assembled prints
Epson Stylus Pro 3800 MT 17.04 Jeffrey (2017)
Reclaimed Epson Ink on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (left) / Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (right)
2 unique 13”x19”assembled prints
Epson Stylus Pro 7900 MT 15.01 Randy (2015)
Reclaimed Epson Ink on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (left) / Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (top 2) Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (bottom 2)
4 unique 17” x 22” assembled prints
Epson Stylus Pro 4900 MT 15.03 Sean (2015)
Reclaimed Epson Ink on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (left) / Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (top 2) Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (bottom 2)
4 unique 17” x 22” assembled prints
Epson Stylus Pro 3880 MT 15.06 Jeffrey (2015)
Reclaimed Epson Ink on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (left) / Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (left 2) Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (right 2)
4 unique 17” x 11” assembled prints
Epson Stylus Pro 3880 MT 15.09 (2015)
Reclaimed Epson Ink on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (left) / Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (top 2) Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (bottom 2)
4 unique 19” x 13” assembled prints
Canon Pixma Pro 100 16.01 Ann (2016)
Reclaimed Canon Ink on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (top 2 of each color) / Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (right 2 of each color)
32 unique 4.25”x5.5” assembled prints
Epson Stylus Pro 3880 MT 17.01 (2017)
Reclaimed Epson Ink on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (left) / Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (right)
2 unique 12” x 12” assembled prints
Epson Stylus Pro 3880 MT 17.03 (2017)
Reclaimed Epson Ink on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (left) / Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (right)
2 unique 12” x 12” assembled prints
Epson Stylus Pro 3880 MT 15.13a Seth (2015)
Reclaimed Epson Ink on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (left) / Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (right)
2 unique 8.5”x11” assembled prints
Epson Stylus Pro 3880 MT 15.13b Seth (2015)
Reclaimed Epson Ink on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (left) / Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (right)
2 unique 8.5”x11” assembled prints
Epson Stylus Pro 7900 MT 17.01 (2017)
Reclaimed Epson Ink on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (left) / Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (right)
2 unique 4.5” x 13” assembled prints
Epson Stylus Pro 7900 MT 17.03 (2017)
Reclaimed Epson Ink on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (left) / Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (right)
2 unique 4.5” x 13” assembled prints
Canon Pixma 15.03 (2015)
Reclaimed Canon Ink on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (left 2) / Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (right 2)
4 unique 5.5”x4.25” assembled prints
Canon Pixma 15.02 (2015)
Reclaimed Canon Ink on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (top 2) / Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (bottom 2)
4 unique 5.5”x4.25” assembled prints
CanonPixma iP8720 17.06 Cathy (2017)
Reclaimed Canon Ink on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (top) / Inkjet print on Hahnemuhle photo rag paper (bottom)
2 unique 4” x 6” assembled prints